Dec 01, 2016
Although there are Seven Wonders of the World, Europe holds some jewels that cannot be found anywhere else. The riches of European architecture are simply unbelievable: from ancient Greek architecture to the glorious unfinished The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família. However, we will not include the latter in our discussion since as stated above it is not completed. Amongst beautiful pieces of architecture, we selected the best examples that have centuries of history.
La Grand-Place, Brussels
The Grand Place in Brussels is one of the many wonders of European architecture. Its authenticity is referenced back to the twelfth century when it embodied various municipal and government houses and buildings, which made the hub for the booming European trade center of that time. Hence, it manages to be an elegant symbol of both Gothic and Baroque architecture and their characteristics. The Grand Palace, in the seventeenth century, was bombarded and damaged by the French forces of Louis XIV within three days. However, it was rebuilt and much of its architectural magnitude was reinstated as the pride and power of Brussels. Currently, various other buildings have become part of its architectural and protective sphere. It was admitted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998. Since then has been the center of tourist attraction, who have always been inspired by the resilience of Brussels. You may pay to do your essay to have a paper about this site. It houses the City Hall known as the Hôtel de Ville and a splendid bell tower. The King’s House has served as the City Museum for many years now. Unlike many other European architectures, there is no Church to be found here amongst the government buildings, a staunch separation from the merchant life of Belgium in the seventeenth Century.
The Colosseum, Rome
Europe as an old civilization holds some ancient marvels that can be seen as a gateway to history. The Colosseum in Rome signifies the extent of Roman power and their ability to rule and govern over vast territories. The building hosted professional fights and was also used as the center to kill enemies. In history, the Colosseum was an architectural wonder, which was brick by brick disintegrated by Roman popes and politicians. Its stones were used in buildings such as the St. Peter’s cathedral and the Palazzo Venezia, while many earthquakes and fires have left only one-third of the original architecture left. In 69AD, it managed to become one of the largest Amphitheater, housing over 50,000 spectators under the rule of Vespasian. Although there are hundreds of other Amphitheaters, the Colosseum retains its charm as one of the most dignified architectures currently present. Its walls were made of concrete to keep them strong. The four stories, staircases, and the entrance had iron dividers and marbles around to help space economy class to the gold class audience, while volcanic stone, bricks, and limestone also managed to make way for this building to become the world’s biggest Amphitheater ever. In 1990, it became part of the extended Center of Rome under the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower, Florence
The age of Renaissance was seen as the driving force of an enlightened Europe. Hence, the same is reflected in the Renaissance architecture of Basilica of Saint Mary of the Flower, or more commonly known as the Florence Cathedral in Florence, Italy. Its construction began in 1296 and it finally saw the light in 1436. It was designed by Arnolfo di Cambio, while Filippo Brunelleschi engineered it. The iconic Duomo highlights the idea of the Renaissance, as it managed to be the world’s first octagonal marvel that never used a wooden support frame but still managed to stand as one of the largest domes in the world. The UNESCO World Heritage Site inducted many of the architectural marvels of Florance under the Historic Centre of Florence in 1982. The building itself displays the transformation from the Gothic and Roman architecture to the Renaissance architecture, and highlights thousands of details that increase its cultural symbolism. There is also a painting made by Federico Zuccari and Giorgio Vasari in 1570s, painted on the underside of the larger dome, known as the Last Judgment.
The Pantheon, Rome
There are not many buildings that hold their cultural and historic significance after 2,000 years. The Pantheon preserves its legacy to this date and holds its aesthetic significance, hard to find anywhere in the world. The temple retains its name from the Greek word that means cemetery, making it one of the most astonishing places dedicated to the gods of Rome. The structure itself holds many mysteries. It is still not known, what material was used to work on it. It is also a paradox of how it survived centuries of wars and natural calamities while retaining much of its prehistoric architectural roots. For over 1,300 years, the central dome that it houses was seen as the biggest in the world, while also being the only one without a support. The intellectual elegance is even more striking. The distance between the floor and the dome is equal to their diameters. Surprisingly the structure houses no windows. The Pantheon also serves as final resting place for intellectuals and emperors such as the famous Renaissance poet, painter, and architect Raphael and the Italian king Victor Emmanuel II. Historically its significance also revolves around being the first ever pagan temple to be converted to a church and dedicated to St. Mary of the Martyrs.
Musée du Louvre, Paris
Modern architecture in Europe is as renowned as the historic ones and helps bridge the cultural aspect of history through their distinctive forms. The Musée du Louvre in Paris, signifies the same historic roots, but with modern ideology in mind. The Louvre itself has a lot of history behind it. It is the symbol of the French monarchy and its wealth and power. It was confiscated and turned into a museum that now has seventy thousands of highly exclusive artifacts. It was first a castle under the First French Ruler Philip Augustus in the twelfth century. The remains of the castle that served as a French line of defense for two centuries is still visible. Francis, I ordered demolition of the main fortress and was then rebuilt into a magnificent Renaissance style compound. The Louvre continued its expansion in the sixteenth century and had been connected by several aliens and barriers. It again had fallen into ruins as French monarchs shifted elsewhere, but after the French Revolution in 1789, the new government decreed it to be converted into a museum, a position it still holds. The Louvre holds famous Mona Lisa painting created by Leonardo da Vinci. It was not always present there but was hung on many other palace walls, and hidden from many major wars. The Louvre has its significance in modern times too because of the Louvre Pyramid. This is the main entrance to the Louvre Museum. The glass structure was designed by Architect I.M. Pei and formed in 1983, and consists of almost 700 glass triangular and rhombus elements. The Pyramid was heavily criticized since the day it was completed. However, no one can deny its beauty and architectural importance in modern history.